The Potala, one of the most famous architectural works,
is erected on top of the Red Hill in Lhasa. The word "Potala"
comes from Sanskrit. In 7th century, after the Tibetan
King Songtsen Gampo's marriage with Princes Wencheng of
the Tang Court, the Palace was built for meditation. In
the mid -17th century, it was rebuilt by the 5th Dalai
Lama to its present size, and ever since it became the
Winter Palace of the Dalai Lamas. The construction took
fifty years from its beginning to completion. The Potala
is divided into two sections, namely, the Red Palace and
White Palace. The total height of the Potala is 117m
which is built in thirteen storeys, the length of the
Potala from east to west has 400m and the breadth from
south to north has 350m. The whole building is a
structure of stone and timber. ream of Tibetan culture
and complex of Tibetan and Han culture.
The capital of Tibet, at an altitude of 3650m, is
situated on the north of bank of Kyichu River, a
tributary of the Yarlung Tsangpo river. Lhasa in Tibetan
means " Place of the Gods" and Potala Palace, the
Residence of Dalai Lama ( The God King), is the earthly
representation of the celestial Palace of Avaloketeswora,
The Buddha of infinite compassion whose ncarnation in
the human form is believed to be the Dalai Lama. It is a
city truly blessed by the gods where life is unburied.
No tour of Tibet is complete without a visit to Tsedang,
situated 170km Southeast of Lhasa in the Yarlung Valley
along the banks of the Tsangpo River (Brahmaputra) The
cradle of Tibetan civilization. This region abounds with
important historical landmarks such as Samye,
Yumbulkhangm Chonggye, Mindroling and others.
YAMBULAKHANG PALACE: Situated about 12 km south of
Tsedang, Si the first palace built by the Tibet and for
their first recorded king Nyatri Tsedpo, who is believed
to have descended from heaven. It is a 05 storied
fortress-like dwelling built on the spur of a bill that
commands an impressive view of the entire fertile
valley. It was destroyed during the cultural revolution
and the present structure is an exact replica of the
original rebuilt 1982.
SAMYE MONASTERY : Lies about 40km to the west of Tsedang
across the Tsangpo River. It is the first monastery
built by King Trisong Detsen in the latter part of the
08 the century. Samye Monastery combines 03 distinctive
architectural styles that of India, China and Tibet,
symbolizing the source, stability and spread of the
Buddhist faith. With the building of this monastery, the
community of monks began.
Is a pastoral town between Lhasa and Shigatse. It is
264km South west of Lhasa. It still retains the charm of
a traditional Tibetan town untouched by modern
expansion. It made world headlines in 1904 when colonel
Young Husband, who led a British expedition to Tibet,
defeated the Tibetan army there. As a crossroads on the
principle trade route to India, it used to be renowned
for the excellence of the carpets. The compound,
encircled by an impressive wall, once contained 19
monasteries, presided over by the still intact fortress
Perched a top a nearby mountain.
The town of Shigatse (Xigaze) is called "Center of Rear
Tibet", sits at the confluence of Nyangchu and Yarlung
Tsangbo Rivers about 250 kilometers to the west of Lhasa.
This second largest city in Tibet at an elevation of
3,800 meters has a history of more than five centuries.
The region around is historically known as the Rear
Tibet and Shigatse has been its political, business,
cultural and religious center. The residence for all the
Panchen Lamas has been traditionally in the town.
The city located between altitude 29°2' north and
longitude 88°8' east, with a population of 70,000. The
annual rainfall is 300 to 450 mm, the average annual
temperature is 6°C and the frost-free period is 160
Shigatse region enjoys a moderate climate with plenty of
sunshine. The fertile river valley is one of the
granaries of Tibet. The town proper has undergone a
construction boom with roads leading to Ngari in the
west, the Qomolangma Nature Reserve and border with
Nepal in the south, Nakchu to the north and Lhasa and
Shannan to the east.
The ancient town of Shigatse has become well-known for
its past and rich cultural tradition with Palcho, Sakya,
Pingcuolin and Juenang monasteries and Pala Estate as
well as the Qomolangma Nature Reserve covering an area
of over 30,000 square kilometers in the nearby region.
The annual ceremony of display of Buddha tapestry, the
Sorcerer's Dance Festival, the Ximuqingpo Festival at
the Shalu Monastery and the active local Tibetan theater
are popular attractions to visitors.
With its rich cultural tradition, majestic monasteries,
breath-taking scenery and convenient location, Shigatse
has become on of the most popular tourist destination in
Tingiri / Zangbu
Mount Qomolangma, also known as Mt. Everest, meaning
Mother Goddess of the Universe in Tibetan, is the
highest peak in the world. Standing at 8848 meters
(29028 feet), snow capped throughout the year, she lies
at the border between China and Nepal. The North Col of
Everest is located in Tinggri (Shegar). Massive glaciers
and seracs feature a thrilling splendor. The peak has
been a holy climbing attraction for world's
mountaineers. In recent years, more and more
mountaineers start from the Everest Base Camp trying to
conquer the world's highest peak while tourists trek to
the foot of the peak to enjoy its beauty.
Starting 30 kilometers (20 miles) south from New Tinggri,
one will reach a checkpoint. 11 kilometers (7miles) west
of the checkpoint, a new road and an old one turn off
south to Everest Base Camp. A 78-kilometer (48-mile)
trek leads to Rongbuk Monastery, which is the highest
monastery on the earth. Its altitude is 5,100 meters
(16728 feet). The monastery was founded in 1899, as a
Nyingmapa monastery, it was said that once Padmasambhava,
founder of Nyingmapa, proceeded his religious
cultivation here. The monastery, having 8
sub-monasteries including a nunnery, was destroyed in
the Cultural Revolution, is gradually being restored. It
houses Lamas and nuns in the same monastery. Sakyamuni
and Padmasambhava are enshrined in the small temple.
Pilgrims treks a long way to pay votive offerings or see
lamas playing operas during big Buddhist days.